Cómo hacer un backup de Oracle VM Manager 3.1.1

Oracle VMVamos a ver los pasos necesarios para hacer una copia de seguridad de la información relevante que tiene Oracle VM Manager 3.1.1. En este caso se trata de realizar un backup del contenido del esquema de la base de datos Oracle (tanto en instalación de producción como demo) y del fichero de configuración de OVMM que contiene los datos de acceso a la BD (SID, DBHOST,OVSCHEMA…), el UUID, etc.

Hacemos entonces en primera instancia una copia del fichero de configuración (/u01/app/oracle/ovm-manager-3/.config), lo podéis guardar en cualquier sitio, lo importante es disponer de estos datos si fuera necesaria una reinstalación del Manager:

[root@oraclevmm]# cat /u01/app/oracle/ovm-manager-3/.config
DBHOST=oraclevmm
SID=ovm
LSNR=1521
APEX=None
OVSSCHEMA=ovs
WLSADMIN=weblogic
OVSADMIN=admin
COREPORT=54321
UUID=0003Va00000100000332c8d9sbafdf12g
BUILDID=3.1.1.305

Una vez guardado, tenemos que parar temporalmente Oracle VM Manager para poder tener una copia consistente de la base de datos:

[root@oraclevmm]# /etc/init.d/ovmm stop
Stopping Oracle VM Manager                                 [  OK  ]

El siguiente paso es hacer su contra el usuario oracle:

[root@oraclevmm]# su - oracle
[oracle@oraclevmm ~]$

Ahora preparamos las variables de oracle para ejecutar el dump de la base de datos. Básicamente tenemos que especificar el PATH al HOME de oracle (ORACLE_HOME), añadirlo al PATH y exportar el SID. Si habéis instalado la base de datos Oracle en otra ruta debéis adecuarlo:

[oracle@oraclevmm ~]$ export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1
[oracle@oraclevmm ~]$ export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH
[oracle@oraclevmm ~]$ export ORACLE_SID=ovm

Finalmente exportamos el esquema con el siguiente comando, en el que hay que especificar el nombre del esquema y la password del usuario administrador del mismo (ovs/password). También indicamos la ruta en la que volcar el dump/backup y el nombre:

[oracle@oraclevmm ~]$ exp ovs/password grants=y compress=y file=/home/oracle/ovsbackup-2012-09-20.dmp

Export: Release 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on Thu Sep 20 14:53:08 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
Export done in US7ASCII character set and AL16UTF16 NCHAR character set
server uses AL32UTF8 character set (possible charset conversion)
. exporting pre-schema procedural objects and actions
. exporting foreign function library names for user OVS 
. exporting PUBLIC type synonyms
. exporting private type synonyms
. exporting object type definitions for user OVS 
About to export OVS's objects ...
. exporting database links
. exporting sequence numbers
. exporting cluster definitions
. about to export OVS's tables via Conventional Path ...
. . exporting table                   MGR_ABCSTORE         48 rows exported
. . exporting table              MGR_ACCESSMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table     MGR_ACTIONENGINEPROPERTIES          1 rows exported
. . exporting table              MGR_ACTIONMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table           MGR_ARCHIVEDONEEVENT          6 rows exported
. . exporting table             MGR_ARCHIVEMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table       MGR_ARCHIVESTARTINGEVENT          6 rows exported
. . exporting table              MGR_BACKUPMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table            MGR_BALANCERCONTROL          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                   MGR_BONDPORT          4 rows exported
. . exporting table            MGR_BUSINESSMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                    MGR_CLUSTER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                  MGR_COHERENCE          1 rows exported
. . exporting table              MGR_CONTROLDOMAIN          2 rows exported
. . exporting table      MGR_CPUCOMPATIBILITYGROUP          1 rows exported
. . exporting table               MGR_CREATEDEVENT        389 rows exported
. . exporting table         MGR_CREATESTATISTICLOG          0 rows exported
. . exporting table               MGR_DELETEDEVENT         28 rows exported
. . exporting table   MGR_DISCOVERENGINEPROPERTIES          1 rows exported
. . exporting table            MGR_DISCOVERMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table            MGR_ETHERNETNETWORK          8 rows exported
. . exporting table               MGR_ETHERNETPORT         16 rows exported
. . exporting table      MGR_EVENTENGINEPROPERTIES          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                   MGR_EVENTLOG        447 rows exported
. . exporting table               MGR_EVENTMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table   MGR_FIBRECHANNELSTORAGEARRAY          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                MGR_FILEMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table            MGR_FILESYSTEMMOUNT          2 rows exported
. . exporting table           MGR_FILESYSTEMPLUGIN          2 rows exported
. . exporting table                    MGR_FOUNDRY          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                    MGR_HASHMAP          3 rows exported
. . exporting table         MGR_INFORMATIONALEVENT          2 rows exported
. . exporting table                MGR_INTERNALJOB        195 rows exported
. . exporting table               MGR_INTERNALPORT          2 rows exported
. . exporting table          MGR_INTERNALSYSTEMLOG          2 rows exported
. . exporting table          MGR_ISCSISTORAGEARRAY          1 rows exported
. . exporting table      MGR_ISCSISTORAGEINITIATOR          2 rows exported
. . exporting table           MGR_ISCSISTORAGEPATH         26 rows exported
. . exporting table         MGR_ISCSISTORAGETARGET         13 rows exported
. . exporting table                   MGR_ITERATOR         10 rows exported
. . exporting table              MGR_JOBABORTEVENT          5 rows exported
. . exporting table       MGR_JOBCONSTRUCTINGEVENT        206 rows exported
. . exporting table               MGR_JOBDONEEVENT        150 rows exported
. . exporting table            MGR_JOBFAILUREEVENT         40 rows exported
. . exporting table       MGR_JOBROLLBACKDONEEVENT         40 rows exported
. . exporting table           MGR_JOBROLLBACKEVENT         40 rows exported
. . exporting table            MGR_JOBRUNNINGEVENT        191 rows exported
. . exporting table                 MGR_LINKEDLIST        392 rows exported
. . exporting table            MGR_LOCALFILESERVER          2 rows exported
. . exporting table            MGR_LOCALFILESYSTEM          1 rows exported
. . exporting table          MGR_LOCALSTORAGEARRAY          2 rows exported
. . exporting table      MGR_LOCALSTORAGEINITIATOR          2 rows exported
. . exporting table        MGR_LOGENGINEPROPERTIES          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                 MGR_LOGMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                   MGR_LOGSTORE          2 rows exported
. . exporting table      MGR_MODELENGINEPROPERTIES          1 rows exported
. . exporting table               MGR_MODELMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table    MGR_NETWORKSELECTIONMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table          MGR_OBJECTCHANGEEVENT        100 rows exported
. . exporting table              MGR_PATHDOWNEVENT         26 rows exported
. . exporting table                MGR_PATHUPEVENT         26 rows exported
. . exporting table             MGR_POOLFILESYSTEM          1 rows exported
. . exporting table              MGR_PORTDOWNEVENT         73 rows exported
. . exporting table                MGR_PORTUPEVENT         66 rows exported
. . exporting table                  MGR_PROCESSOR         48 rows exported
. . exporting table                 MGR_PROPERTIES         18 rows exported
. . exporting table       MGR_QUEUEDJOBCREATEEVENT          1 rows exported
. . exporting table        MGR_RASENGINEPROPERTIES          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                 MGR_RASMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                 MGR_REPOSITORY          1 rows exported
. . exporting table             MGR_RESTOREMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                MGR_ROLESERVICE          1 rows exported
. . exporting table           MGR_ROOTSTATISTICLOG          1 rows exported
. . exporting table      MGR_RULESENGINEPROPERTIES          1 rows exported
. . exporting table               MGR_RULESMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table  MGR_SCHEDULABLETASKPROPERTIES          8 rows exported
. . exporting table                     MGR_SERVER          2 rows exported
. . exporting table MGR_SERVERCLUSTERSTATEDOWNEVEN         19 rows exported
. . exporting table  MGR_SERVERCLUSTERSTATEUPEVENT         15 rows exported
. . exporting table MGR_SERVERDISCONNECTERROREVENT         32 rows exported
. . exporting table    MGR_SERVERDISCOVERSCANEVENT        162 rows exported
. . exporting table           MGR_SERVERERROREVENT          3 rows exported
. . exporting table         MGR_SERVERNOTIFICATION         26 rows exported
. . exporting table         MGR_SERVEROFFLINEEVENT         25 rows exported
. . exporting table                 MGR_SERVERPOOL          1 rows exported
. . exporting table MGR_SERVERPOOLMASTERMISSINGEVE          5 rows exported
. . exporting table         MGR_SERVERRUNNINGEVENT         49 rows exported
. . exporting table     MGR_SERVERSELECTIONMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table        MGR_SERVERSTARTINGEVENT         25 rows exported
. . exporting table         MGR_SERVERSTOPPEDEVENT         51 rows exported
. . exporting table        MGR_SERVERSTOPPINGEVENT          1 rows exported
. . exporting table MGR_SERVERYUMREPOSITORYINFORMA          1 rows exported
. . exporting table        MGR_SEVERITYCHANGEEVENT          9 rows exported
. . exporting table           MGR_STATISTICMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table        MGR_STATISTICSUBJECTLOG          3 rows exported
. . exporting table           MGR_STATISTICTYPELOG         41 rows exported
. . exporting table         MGR_STORAGEARRAYPLUGIN          1 rows exported
. . exporting table             MGR_STORAGEELEMENT         13 rows exported
. . exporting table    MGR_STORAGESELECTIONMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table       MGR_TASKENGINEPROPERTIES          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                MGR_TASKMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                    MGR_TREEMAP        195 rows exported
. . exporting table                  MGR_TREESTORE       1077 rows exported
. . exporting table                       MGR_USER          4 rows exported
. . exporting table                MGR_USERACCOUNT          4 rows exported
. . exporting table                  MGR_USERSTORE          1 rows exported
. . exporting table               MGR_VIRTUALCDROM          3 rows exported
. . exporting table                MGR_VIRTUALDISK          1 rows exported
. . exporting table             MGR_VIRTUALMACHINE          1 rows exported
. . exporting table      MGR_VIRTUALMACHINECFGFILE          1 rows exported
. . exporting table MGR_VIRTUALMACHINEDISCONNECTER          7 rows exported
. . exporting table MGR_VIRTUALMACHINEOFFLINEEVENT          5 rows exported
. . exporting table MGR_VIRTUALMACHINERUNNINGEVENT         15 rows exported
. . exporting table MGR_VIRTUALMACHINESTARTINGEVEN         12 rows exported
. . exporting table MGR_VIRTUALMACHINESTOPPEDEVENT         16 rows exported
. . exporting table MGR_VIRTUALMACHINESTOPPINGEVEN          6 rows exported
. . exporting table              MGR_VMDISKMAPPING          2 rows exported
. . exporting table         MGR_VMSELECTIONMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                       MGR_VNIC          5 rows exported
. . exporting table                MGR_VNICMANAGER          1 rows exported
. . exporting table      MGR_VNICMANAGERPROPERTIES          1 rows exported
. . exporting table                MGR_VOLUMEGROUP          4 rows exported
. . exporting table              MGR_XENHYPERVISOR          2 rows exported
. . exporting table                ODOF_ID_TO_TYPE       4537 rows exported
. . exporting table                ODOF_NOT_TABLED          0 rows exported
. . exporting table            ODOF_SYS_PROPERTIES          2 rows exported
. . exporting table             ODOF_TYPE_TO_CLASS        123 rows exported
. exporting synonyms
. exporting views
. exporting stored procedures
. exporting operators
. exporting referential integrity constraints
. exporting triggers
. exporting indextypes
. exporting bitmap, functional and extensible indexes
. exporting posttables actions
. exporting materialized views
. exporting snapshot logs
. exporting job queues
. exporting refresh groups and children
. exporting dimensions
. exporting post-schema procedural objects and actions
. exporting statistics
Export terminated successfully without warnings.

Una vez terminado ya tenemos el backup. Cerramos la shell de oracle y volvemos a root para arrancar de nuevo ovmm:

[root@oraclevmm]# /etc/init.d/ovmm start
Starting Oracle VM Manager                                 [  OK  ]

En este otro artículo podéis ver el proceso de restauración de este backup:

Cómo restaurar un backup de Oracle VM Manager 3.1.1

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